This blog about Java interview questions is an attempt to relieve the stress of the Freshers who aspire to earn a name in this field, who desire to reach heights in the Java programming stream by undergoing excellent java training in Chennai and who aim to be acknowledged as experts in Java in their near future.
Nowadays, Java is the programming language that is the talk of the town now. Around millions of developers globally are developing applications for almost all devices that work with Java. Also, Java is, in residences now. From latest technologies like Big Data to residential-used devices such as DTH and cell phones all work under Java. Hence, it can be concluded that Java is present in every nook and corner of the universe.
But the fact of the matter lies that all this comes much later, at first, is the initial stage that itself is a task. It’s the interview round. Although interviews are thought to be simple and straight to the point, but talking about Java questions, those can be called slightly difficult and tricky. Gone are the days, when interviewees were asked differences between the programming languages, today Java questions have become more advanced and technique-based.
Today, under Java questions there is likely to be questions based on NIO patterns, algorithms, data structure, and coding. The focus is given mainly upon API and Java concepts. Even if anyone is a stranger in this field, with the help of this list, he or she will be able to answer all the questions in the correct manner.
In this blog, the questions have been listed down by taking reference from facts laid down by institutes giving Java Training in Chennai that may guarantee you a sail through the next level, even though no one knows exactly what questions will be asked but it’s always better to have a beforehand preparation, isn’t it?
These questions inculcate topics on OOPS concept, multithreading, basic Java concepts, concurrency, string handling, exception handling, collection framework, serialization and de-serialization, generics, synchronization, Java database connectivity (JDBC), JSP, Servlet, Spring (MVC, Core, JDBC, ORM, AOP), Hibernate ORM framework, Struts, JSF, and Web services (SOAP and REST).
With Java emerging as the latest technology everywhere, there are some suggested books accessible to help plan for Java interviews, one such book is “Java Programming Interview Exposed by Noel Markham.”
14 Java Interview Questions
Now, let’s have a look at some of the important Java questions and answers:
1. Is it conceivable to make ‘array’ volatile in Java?
This is one of the fascinating multi-threading questions laid down by Java training institutes in Chennai. Truly, you can make an array volatile in Java, there is no issue with that as neither one of the compilers will hail any blunder nor JVM will toss any exemption, but rather the dubious part is the reason you need to make an array volatile and what is the impact of making it volatile in Java? To answer this, you should be acquainted with both volatile modifier and the Java memory model, else, it is hard to reply, and that is the reason it's likewise one of the trickiest questions in Java interviews.
2. Of the two, which would be simpler to compose, ‘synchronization code’ for ten threads or that for two threads?
Both will have a similar level of complexity as far as composing the code since synchronization is free of the number of threads. The decision of synchronization is subjected to the number of threads as the number of threads presents much more clashes. In that case, it is better to go for an advanced synchronization method such as lock stripping, which requires more multifaceted code and capability.
3. How might you call wait strategy? Would you utilize if block or loop, and why?
Most institutes proving Java training in Chennai says that wait strategy ought to be called in loop. Until the thread inspires the CPU to begin running once more, the condition may not take place. Hence, it is constantly better to check a condition in loop before proceeding.
4. What is meant by false sharing in terms of multithreading?
False sharing is known to be one of the well-known execution issues on multithreading, whereby for each procedure it has its own local cache. False sharing can be difficult to recognize since the thread might recover totally extraordinary worldwide factors that jump out to be genuinely near one another in memory.
5. How would you take thread dump in Java?
By utilizing kill - 3 PID in Linux, where PID is the procedure id of a Java process, you can take a thread dump of Java application. In Windows, you can press Ctrl + Break.
6. What is the correct data type to showcase a cost in Java?
Many Java training institutes in Chennai suggest that if memory isn't a worry and execution isn't critical, BigDecimal will be the correct data type to showcase a cost in Java.
7. How to convert bytes into strings
To change bytes into String, one would need to utilize Strong constructor that accepts byte. Be that as it may, you ought to be aware of the correct character encoding otherwise the platform's default character encoding will be utilized, which may not really be the same.
8. Can an int value be cast into a byte variable? What can happen if the int value comes out larger than the byte?
It is possible, however, int is 32 bit long in Java, while byte is 8 bit long in Java. In this way, when an int value is cast into a byte higher, 24 bits are gone and a byte can just hold an incentive between - 128 to 128.
9. Which class contains technique: Cloneable or Object?
Cloneable is marker interface and does not contain at all any method, whereas the Clone method is well-defined in the object class. Clone is a native method and therefore it is applied in C or C++ or any other native programming language.
10. Does ++ operator stays thread-safe in Java?
++ isn't thread-safe in Java since it includes various commands, for example, reading a value, ensnaring it, and after that putting away it once again into the memory. This can be covered in various threads.
11. What size does int hold in 64-bit JVM?
The size of an int variable is consistent in Java, it is dependably 32-bit. This implies the size of the int is indistinguishable in both 32-bit and 64-bit Java Virtual Machine.
12. How is nester static class different from top level class?
An open top level class must have an indistinguishable name as the name of the source document, there is no commitment for nested static class. A nester static class is consistently inside a top level class and one has to utilize the name of the top level class to allude nester static class.
13. Is it conceivable to compose a standard expression to check if String is a number?
The institutes providing java training in Chennai say that a numeric String just contains digits i.e. 0-9 and +/ - sign. By utilizing this data it is possible to compose a regular expression to check if the given String is number or not.
14. What distinguishes throw from throws in Java?
Throw is utilized to really throw an occasion of java.lang.throwable class, which means one can toss both Error and Exception utilizing throw catchphrase. On the other hand, throws are utilized as a component of technique affirmation and demonstrate which sort of special cases are thrown by this strategy, so its caller can deal with them.
The expert Java engineers have listed down some of these questions as their most loved Java questions from individual experience and how they have managed answering them. These questions, although do not this vast subject, but are among the core questions that are prepared in the most proficient way to give best answers in a Java interview, but it is also suggested at the same time to do as much as research possible to answer in the best intelligent way in order to guarantee a well-conducted interview.
GOOD LUCK FOR THE INTERVIEW!